Pain Brioche

This recipe comes from the International Culinary Institute in New York City.  The recipe uses the metric system for its weights and measures so you'll need a kitchen scale that weighs in grams and kilograms.

Makes 5 loaves


  • 1250 grams bread flour
  • 275 grams water
  • 125 grams milk
  • 275 grams eggs
  • 20 grams instant yeast (or 50 grams fresh yeast)
  • 150 grams sugar
  • 25 grams salt
  • 400 grams butter (cold but pliable)


Step 1: In a stand mixer mix together all of the ingredients except the sugar, salt, and butter.  
Step 2: Mix on low speed for 2 to 3 minutes until some gluten is developed.  Don't worry; what starts out as a sticky mess becomes beautifully satiny as it kneads. The window pane test is a good method to check for gluten development. Take a small piece of dough the size of a walnut and pull it until you have a window. When gluten is fully developed, you will have a nice window that looks like latex.  Because you don't want a fully developed dough, the window at this point should not look like latex and will not be totally clear.
Step 3:  After some gluten is developed, add sugar and salt.  Mix on medium speed for approximately 3 to 5 minutes.  The gluten in the dough should be fully developed at this point. Do another window pane test and this time you should have a nice window that looks like latex. 
Step 4:  Add the butter on low speed and continue to mix until it's fully incorporated.
Step 5: Form the dough into a ball, place it in a greased bowl, cover the bowl, and it let rise for 45 minutes to 1 hour. This is called the bulk fermentation process.  This process is necessary for the flavor to develop. 
Step 6: Divide the dough into five 450 gram pieces.  Shape them into round balls and let rest for 15 minutes.  
Step 7: Shape into batards or braided loaves. Place the shaped dough into greased pans and egg wash immediately after shaping. Cover lightly, and let rise for 1-1/2 to 2 hours, until it's doubled and looks very puffy. 
Step 8: Egg wash again before baking. Place the pans into a preheated 350°F oven and bake for 30 to 35 minutes.  Brioche should be a deep brown when done, should sound hollow when tapped, and will read 190°F at the center using an instant-read thermometer. Remove the brioche from the oven, and after 10 minutes remove it from the pan to cool completely on a rack.

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